If you are already shopping for a juicer, you may have noticed that there are plenty of myths and misinformation that relate to the topic of juicers. As a novice juicer, the absolute differences and functionalities might confuse you. There are several different types of juicers currently available on the market, the most common of these being the centrifugal and masticating juicers.
Defining the two types of juicer
Masticate means to chew, knead, or grind a substance into a pulp. While chewing, you are essentially masticating your food, which extracts fluids from whatever food you might be chewing. The masticating juicer employ the same type of chewing action, only at very low rates of speed and without the involvement of any spinning action, making for an efficient mode of fluid extraction from food.
On the other hand, centrifugal means, moving or directing away from the axis or center of an object and for the centrifugal juicing machines there is the involvement of high-speed spinning action, which essentially extracts fluids from foodstuff by grinding the given types of food into pulp.
Centrifugal juicers are the more standard of any juicer, and are easily spotted on television advertisements and in most department store shelves, plus these are usually the least expensive types of juicer compared to the other available juicers. And although you could easily pick one up for at least $40 in any of the local stores or over the Internet, you will probably need to focus on the models with prices ranging from about $100 to $250 just to be sure you end up possessing a decent juicer. Some of the centrifugal juicers might cost a great deal more, but in case you are seriously considering a high-end juicer, or you are willing to pay about $400 for one, it would be much better looking for a juicer among the masticating juicers instead.
Centrifugal juicers extract juice from produce by using centrifugal force to spin the pulp rapidly around in its chamber. Once the fruits or vegetables are pushed through the top part of the centrifugal juicer, they then go into a mesh chamber that consists of razor-sharp teeth on the flooring. These teeth then shred the fruit or vegetable into pulp, after which, to separate the juice from the fruit or vegetable, the pulp is spun at high speeds, leaving the flesh to enter a separate collection chamber while the fluid oozes out of a faucet. Despite the fact that centrifugal juicers work well with both soft and hard foods, they are far less effective when it comes to leafy greens, which as we all know are quite important.
Masticating juicers are mostly high-end juicers, and finding a reliable and suitable one with a pricing that is less than $250 might prove extremely challenging since most of the units that are available retail at about $500 or more. Masticating juicers, commonly referred to as cold press juicers, are the most costly of the two major juicing machine categories. Regardless of the high pricing, most of the masticating juicer fans have categorically stated that the superior quality and performance of these juicers plus the tasty and nutritional juice produced when using any cold-press juicer for extraction is well worth the money spent.
Masticating juicers feature a horizontal design, with chunks of produce fed into the feed tube mostly from the top, into the crushing main chamber where they are then crushed and squeezed at a slower rate compared to the centrifugal process. Juice then exits out the bottom of the crushing chamber while pulp is pushed out the end. Cold press juicers will extract juice that is richer in nutrients compared to the centrifugal juicing machines, plus the extracted juice will last for much longer due to a lack of froth and a reduced amount of oxidation, resulting from the slow speeds involved in the extraction. This juice must, however, be immediately imbibed since it will start losing nutrients once it comes into contact with air. Regrettably, the masticating juicers do not produce juice as rapidly as the centrifugal type, mainly due to the slower spin, plus they cannot handle whole pieces of fruit. As a bonus feature, most of the masticating juicers effectively double as food processors and are capable of crushing foods such as meat and nuts.
For those of us not on a limited budget and willing to spend the money, as well as those who plan to do a lot of juicing, such as juicing for commercial purposes, the masticating juicers offer unbeatable quality, performance, and results. For the novices in juicing and those who do not plan to do a lot of juicing and are not interested in the highest quality of juice extracts, plus those on a limited budget, consideration of a low-level centrifugal juicer would perhaps be best suited.